lunedì 14 settembre 2020 20:40 Età: 8 days

EASA, in corso il test su Boeing 737-800 MAX e derivati

Categoria: Aeroporti, Altri scali, Archivio, Pubblicazioni, Dossier, Low cost, Incidenti aerei, Human factor, Std ICAO ENAC, Aerolinee

 

Completata la prima fase al “Longitudinal trim at VmoBoeing B737-7/-8/-9”!

Tra Boeing, FAA ed EASA avevano predisposto una prima fase di prove in volo, iniizate lo scorso 7 Settembreva Vancouver in Canada. La seconda fase, identificata “ test al simulatore” sono iniziati oggi 14 Settembre, si svolgeranno nell’arco di tutta la settimana a Londra Gatwick nel Regno Unito. In parallelo anche il Joint Operations Evaluation Board (JOEB) si svolgerà a Gatwick.

L'Ufficio Stampa EASA“ ha affermato “EASA ha lavorato costantemente, in stretta collaborazione con FAA e Boeing, per rimettere in servizio il Boeing 737 MAX il prima possibile, ma solo una volta che sarà sicuro”.

Il test è relativo alla flotta Boeing 737, serie 7/8/9 - MAX al “Longitudinal trim at VmoBoeing B737-7/-8/-9”.

“STATEMENT OF ISSUE

The aisle stand trim switches can be used to trim the airplane throughout the flight envelope and fully complies with the reference regulation Simulation has demonstrated that the thumb switch trim does not have enough authority to completely trim the aircraft longitudinally in certain corners of the flight envelope, e.g. gear up/flaps up, aft center of gravity, near Vmo/Mmo corner, and gear down/flaps up, at speeds above 230 kts.

In those cases, longitudinal trim is achieved by using the manual stabilizer trim wheel to position the stabilizer. The trim wheel can be used to trim the airplane throughout the entire flight envelope.

In addition, the autopilot has the authority to trim the airplane in these conditions.

The reference regulation and policy do not specify the method of trim, nor do they state that when multiple pilot trim control paths exist that they must each independently be able to trim the airplane throughout the flight envelope.

Boeing did not initially consider this to be a compliance issue because trim could always be achieved, even during the conditions where use of the aisle stand trim switch was required.

Subsequent to flight testing, the FAA-TAD expressed concern with compliance to the reference regulation based on an interpretation of the intent behind “trim”. The main issue being that longitudinal trim cannot be achieved throughout the flight envelope using thumb switch trim only.

EASA POSITION

Boeing set the thumb switch limits in order to increase the level of safety for out-of-trim dive characteristics (CS 25.255(a)(1)). The resulting thumb switch limits require an alternative trim method to meet CS 25.161 trim requirements in certain corners of the operational envelope.

The need to use the trim wheel is considered unusual, as it is only required for manual flight in those corners of the envelope.

The increased safety provided by the Boeing design limits on the thumb switches (for out-of-trim dive characteristics) provides a compensating factor for the inability to use the thumb switches throughout the entire flight envelope. Furthermore, the additional crew procedures and training material will clearly explain to pilots the situations where use of the trim wheel may be needed due to lack of trim authority with the wheel mounted switches.

The trim systems on the 737Max provide an appropriate level of safety relative to longitudinal trim capability.”